The Islamic jurisprudence that comes out of the human exercise of codifying and interpreting these principles is known as fiqh.Muslim scholars and jurists continue to debate the boundary between sharia and fiqh as well as other aspects of Islamic law.Support is especially low in Kazakhstan (10%) and Azerbaijan (8%).The survey also finds that views about instituting sharia in the domestic-civil sphere frequently mirror a country’s existing legal system.In Russia, for example, Muslims who say they pray several times a day are 37 percentage points more likely to support making sharia official law than Muslims who say they pray less frequently.Similarly, in Lebanon, the Palestinian territories and Tunisia, Muslims who say they pray several times a day are at least 25 percentage points more supportive of enshrining sharia as official law than are less observant Muslims.
But many supporters of sharia say it should apply only to their country’s Muslim population.
Within regions, support for enshrining sharia as official law is particularly high in some countries with predominantly Muslim populations, such as Afghanistan and Iraq.
But support for sharia is not limited to countries where Muslims make up a majority of the population.
Sharia Sharia, or Islamic law, offers moral and legal guidance for nearly all aspects of life – from marriage and divorce, to inheritance and contracts, to criminal punishments.
Sharia, in its broadest definition, refers to the ethical principles set down in Islam’s holy book (the Quran) and examples of actions by the Prophet Muhammad (sunna).
Moreover, Muslims are not equally comfortable with all aspects of sharia: While most favor using religious law in family and property disputes, fewer support the application of severe punishments – such as whippings or cutting off hands – in criminal cases.